Carr starts off chapter three with a tragic story about “pilot error” sending a small plane to the ground, killing everyone aboard. He continues to list different incidence (i.e. Pierre-Cedric Bonin & David Robert) where similar events have occurred focusing mainly on facts. He uses stasis theory to provide the reader with a persuasive argument against over automation in areas of the workforce. He begins to shift his focus from previous avoidable plane crashes to how different agencies across the World have been switching work from human to machine. This saves corporations millions of dollars but it also leads to potential mechanical error. On page 50 he states, “the new generation of autopilots would dispose of the necessity for carrying navigators, radio operators, and flight engineers.” This sad fact is becoming more relevant by the day and makes us question if we are headed in the right direction, since clearly the pilots who were flying the plane did not question it. Carr uses pathos throughout the chapter, tugging at our hearts regrind all of the innocent passengers who lost their lives. He also focuses on logos that once you are not forced to do as much work (i.e. fly a plane), you’re skills and decision making can deteriorate over time. So, for the Marvin Renslow and Rebecca Shaw, they were not prepared for their engine stalling, and actually they did the opposite of what they should have done. This proves Carr’s point that human error can be a consequence of over automation. He concludes with more logos, explaining, “the mounting evidence of an erosion of skills, a dulling of perceptions, and a slowing of reactions should give us all pause” (63). He expands on this by stating that as we live our lives make sure our technology does not begin to cage us in, much like a cockpit can.